The highest mountain on earth has several names. For Westerners it became Mt. Everest in 1865 and more recently the government of Nepal has given it the name Sagarmatha. The Solukumbu region of Nepal where Mt. Everest lies has been a magnet for travelers ever since its opening to foreigners in 1950 especially for those interest in a Nepal expedition. This region is famous not only for its proximity to the world's highest mountain but also for its Sherpa villages and monasteries with their culture virtually unchanged through the centuries. This region has received countless trekkers and mountaineers from all over the world. Solukhumbu has developed to a stage where many options are possible from a full scale Everest expedition with tents and porters to an independent trek using the local lodges. The Sagarmatha National Park, established in 1976 covers much of the region. This fascinating land surrounded by high mountains is a real paradise for mountaineers on the ultimate expedition in Nepal as well as for trekkers .
Camp 1 : 20000ft (6400m) : This camp is situated on a flat area of endless snow, with deep crevasses and mountain walls. The sun's reflection on the snow heats up the place and makes it quite warm. At night we listen to the deep murmuring cracking sounds of the crevasses beneath our tent. From here we trek to Camp 2.
Camp 2: 21000ft (6750m ) : This camp is located at the foot of the icy mount Lhotse wall though which we have to go to proceed. Even if the weather here is good, dark clouds can roll in from the Himalayan valleys to Camp 2 at any time. Sometimes the wind here seems violent enough to destroy our tents. Now we climb to Camp 3.
Camp 3: 22300ft (7100m) : Camp 3 adjoins the Mt. Lhotse wall. After climbing the 4000ft. Lhotse wall by using fixed ropes and with prior acclimatization we reach Camp 4. Also on the way we have to ascend the steep Yellow Band (loose down-sloping and brittle limestone). After crossing a short snowfield the route moves ahead up the Geneva Spur to the east before finishing on the flats of the south col. Oxygen may be required above Camp 3.
Camp 4: 26000ft (8400m) : Camp 4 which is the last camp of the Expedition. From here the summit is about 500m away. This is the final and most dangerous part of the climb. This place is besieged by ferocious and violent winds. The best way to reach the summit is via the narrow Southeast Ridge which proceeds to the South Summits at 28710ft.
From here the way to the summit of the Everest 29028ft is easy. This is the route that Sir Edmond Hillary and late Tenzing Norge Sherpa used in 1953.