The Roof of the World
The Himalayan Kingdom
Land of Thunder Dragon
The Crucial of Asia
Feasible Project Areas Hydro Electric Power Theoretical hydro power potential of Nepal's rivers, based on average flows has been estimated at 83 million kilowatts, which is one of the largest potentials in the world. Despite the enormous hydro power potential, till now Nepal has been able to generate only 261.918 MW of hydro power which is 0.3% of its total hydro power potential. Demand for power is growing at about 10 percent annually. At present electric power supply is available to only 14 percent of the population. It is enunciated that the country's power demand will grow to 0.61 million kilowatts by the year 2005 and to 1.64 million kilowatts by the year 2015. A large amount of power produced in Nepal can be easily exported to neighboring countries. Nepal Electricity Act if 1993 provides access for the sale of its power to other country and also for the import of power from other country. Nepal and India entered into a power Trade Agreement, which allows independent mutual power deals on government, semi government and private sector levels between two countries. Tourism His Majesty's Government of Nepal has adopted tourism Policy in 1995 with a view to promote tourism sector. Under the policy, Nepal will be developed as a secure tourist destination. Existing facilities will be upgraded and new tourist areas will be developed. Competitive tourism promotion and marketing programme will be launched in tourist origination markets to establish Nepal as major tourist destination. With a view to promote tourism, HMG/N has also launched visit Nepal Year programme in 1998. Many tourists visit Nepal in ever increasing number.
In 1990 around 255000 tourists visited Nepal. Tourists arrival in 1996 increased to 393613. Asian region and Western Europe continue to be the prime tourist market followed by North America, Australia and the pacific. Recent projections made on tourists' arrivals indicate a very steady growth to reach 625000 in 2000, 761000 in 2005 and 953000 by the year 2010. The number of star and non star hotels is increasing rapidly. The quality and services of these hotels have been improving. BY the year 1994 the number of hotels reached to 394 and the beds to 17730. BY mid January 1998 the number of tourist hotels and tourist beds had increased to 706 and 27612 respectively. While considering the projected arrivals and exiting stock of hotel rooms, it is estimated that there will be a big shortfall of rooms of 4 and 5 star standard by 2010 in Kathmandu and high-class hotels in Pokhara which is becoming an important tourist destination.
The tourism industry is growing very rapidly and Nepal has tremendous potential for tourism development because of its unique natural and cultural heritage. A major strategy in meeting the demand for hotel rooms in Nepal is to encourage increased private investment in popular tourist activities and recreation would be successful undertaking. Foreign investment will be encouraged in capital intensive tourism industries such as hotels, resorts and areas which transfer modern technology and skills. Agro and Forest Based Industries Medicinal And Aromatic Plants Due to the varied agro-climatic environment, Nepal is very rich in medicinal and aromatic plants with over 700 plants species. The collection os such plants from wild sources has been practiced since ancient times. With the establishment of the Royal Drugs Research Laboratory in 1962 the commercial utilization of medicinal plants has been encouraged. More than 300 species have been screened and studied and extraction of Diogenes, reserpine, alkaloids of belladonna, glycogen of digitals, lemon grass oil, rosin, turpentine and menthol has commenced.
Nepal, a traditional exporter of crude herbs, is now gradually emerging as a exporter of processed herbs and aromatic plants. In recent times commercial cultivation of medicinal plants such as atropa belladona and aromatic plants such as palmarosa, lemon grass, citronella and mentha arvensis have assumed importance. Recent studies also indicate good prospects for the cultivation and processing of chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (pyrethrum), claviceps purpurea (Ergot), digitalis lanata, ecucalyptus camaldulenisis, glycyrrhiza flabra, mucuna pruiens, piper longum and valeriana wallichi. The medicinal and aromatic plants can be exploited for the production of following: essential oils from lemongrass, citronella, palmarosa and mint, oleoresin from ginger, large cardamons, timur and tejpat; turpentine oil androsin from chir pine; medicines from valeriana wallichii, calamus acrous and nardostachye jatamanshi.
In addition to traditional medicines and essential oils, herbs and essences also have a potential as a raw material for the production of cosmetics and perfumes, herbal teas and natural health products. Flower Seeds Due to varying agro-climatic conditions Nepal is in an unique position to produce a wide variety of flowering seeds which could be sold in international markets. In the summer season zinnia, marigold, gladiolus, salvia, dahlia, canna are grown extensively. In winter and spring most of the annual flowers such as bellies, dianthus, pansy, antirrhunum, helichrysum, aapaver, verbena, sun flower and so on are grown. The potential for seed production of the following varieties, in particular, has been identified as being very good: anemone sp., aster, chrysanthemum morifolium, elsholtzia californica (California poppies), laythyrus odoratus (sweet pea).
The availability of varied climatic conditions and inexpensive labor provide Nepal a comparative advantage to produce flower seeds at low cost. Commercial production and export of flower seeds require maintenance of high technical standards and good supervision. Technology and expertise of foreign companies could be effectively employed to develop this profitable agro-business in Nepal. Vegetable Production for Export Due to the variety of agro-climatic regions and fertile soils Nepal produces a wide variety of vegetables of good quality. The major items of vegetables grown on a commercial scale are cabbage, carrot, turnip, radish, cauliflower, peas, capsicum, egg plant, tomato, okra, beans and cucumber. The major centers of vegetable production are in the Kathmandu valley and in the Dhanusa, Sarlahi, Bara, Makawanpur and Chitwan districts. Almost the entire production of vegetables is consumed within the country, though some exports to India and Tibet are taking place. Recently the production of snow peas for export to japan has got off to a satisfactory start and other items like french beans are to be produced for export. This has clearly demonstrated the potential which exists for the production of a few special varieties of vegetables on a commercial scale for export. Foreign investment for the scientific cultivation of vegetables for export would be a profitable business.
Fruit Processing Nepal is endowed with good ecological conditions for the cultivation of a variety of fruits. At present citrus fruits, apple, banana, pineapple,mango, pear, litchi, guava, peach, plum and apricot are available in sufficiently large quantities. Plans are also underway to increase the area under cultivation through commercial fruit development programmes. The total quantity of fruits produced is estimated around 500,000 mt. Fruit processing industries consume a fair proportion of total production. Two important fruit processing industries are engaged in the production of fruit squash, fruit juice, jams, jellies, marmalade and fruit salad. Some of these products are exported from Nepal. Opportunities exits for the setting up of industries to process fruits for sale in export markets as fruit juices and squash, jams and jellies and fruit based special liquors. Tea Development Nepal has commenced commercial production of area only in comparatively recent times. The Nepal Tea Development corporation, a government agency owns seven gardens with a total area of around 880 hectares.
In addition the private sector owns tea gardens with total area of around 1250 hectares. These tea growing areas are in the Eastern districts of Illam, Jhapa, Panchthar Terhathum and Dhankuta, almost adjacent to the world renowned tea gardens of Darjeeling in Indian. The Government has given high priority to increase tea production in the Eastern Districts with a view to achieving self-sufficiency in tea and to export high quality teas to oversea markets. In order to encourage tea cultivation exemption from the land ceiling law has been provided together with attractive incentives. Good prospects exits for the production for quality orthodox tea in Nepal similar to the Darjeeling teas produced in India. Improved cultural practices, latest technical know-how and efficient management systems are required to bring the tea industry in line the other tea producing countries in the region. Agriculture The development of sericulture has been identified as offering very good potential for development in the mid-hills and Terai belt of Nepal by experts from Japan, Korea, china and India. Agro-climatic conditions in these areas favor the cultivation of mulberry and the reading of cocoons. The Government has set up a nucleus centre at Khopasi about 35 km. east of Kathmandu in 1975. The centre initially served as a demonstration centre and later expanded its activities to provide training, extension and research functions. In 1991/92 it will also function as a major silkworm egg breeding station. Nepal has developed six bivoltine lines and these will be used to produce hybrid silkworm eggs in the country. The preferred production technology in Nepal is the temperate bivoltine technology which is simple and easily adaptable by small farmers. On a very preliminary assessment mulberry cultivation could be extended over an extend of 6000 hectares which could yield around 350 tonnes of raw silk and 85 tonnes of waste silk.
The value of silk fabric from this level of production could exceed Rs. 1800 m/n. Private investment to encourage mulberry cultivation and cocoon rearing by small farmers could be developed successfully in Nepal. Post cocoon activities involving reeling, twisting, weaving and production of items out of silk fabric could be developed as medium-scale industries. Integrated Dairy Industry Nepal is a net importer of dairy products. The import of milk products-powder, condensed concentrate, butter, cheese-is estimated to exceed Rs. 120 m/n per annum. Despite these imports there is a severe shortage of fresh milk, infant milk and other milk products in the country. Nepal has a long tradition in dairy farming. In fact Nepal has in the past exported milk products to India and Tibet in the form of ghee. She could develop the dairy industry to meet domestic demand as well as renew exports to India and other markets.
The topographical and climatic conditions are well suited to dairy development. an integrated dairy industry incorporating related activities such as improved livestock breeding, cattle feed production and processing of milk products would offer promising prospects for profitable investment. Such a project could build up on existing small dairy units spread around the country through a well organized programme of extension services to improve livestock breeds and an efficient collection system for processing in a central unit. Flori culture Due to the variations in climate, topography and vegetation, Nepal has a diversity of ornamental plants and flowering plants which could be scientifically cultivated to promote export oriented business. The flower and orchid industry is presently concentrated in the Kathmandu valley. The commercial development of floriculture is still in a very early stage of development. Out of nearly 25 flower grower, only 3 have entered export business in recent times.
The development of tissue culture initiated by the national Herbarium and Plant Laboratory at Godavari is opening up opportunities for mass production for flowers which could be exported from Nepal. Already tissue culture method of propagation has been successfully developed in the production orchids and other cut flowers. Some of the orchid genera which have been successfully developed are coelogyne, cymbidium, dendrobium, epidedron adn vanda. Among the other cut flower species carnations and chrysanthemums have also been similarly developed. Prospects for the development of floriculture business are excellent especially for the following species of orchids: cymbidiums dendrobiums, calanthe, coelogyne. Similarly in other cut flowers carnatios, gerbera, rose, gladiolus primulinus, iris polynathes, chrysanthemum, narcissus tazella offer very good prospects. It is also feasible to introduce the following varieties or commercial development in Nepal: Exotic orchids-paphiopedilun, Cattelya, cattelya hybrids, arachris, epidendron, mokara, oncidium and odontoglossums; exotic cut flowers-tulipa, anthurium, alstroemeria, freesia ang gysophila. Foreign collaboration for the development of floriculture to provide technical know-how for cultivation of flowers is required to meet the standards demanded in international markets and to provide guidance in market identification and development.
The availability of direct flight connections to Frankfurt, London, Dubai, New Delhi, Singapore and Hong Kong offer good prospects for the development of a profitable export oriented floriculture business in Nepal. Processing of Spices Nepal produces a large variety of spices such as ginger, timur, large cardamom, turmeric, medicinal spicy herba, himali cummin, cinnamon, garlic and a variety fo chillies. Most of the spices cater todomestic demand and some items like chillies, tumeric, garlic, ginger and cardamom are exported to India and other markets in a raw form. The estimated production of major spice items in 1990 was 92,000 metric tonnes. Mushroom Cultivation in which Many varieties of edible mushrooms are found in a wild state in the Terai lowlands the hills and mountains of Nepal. Two rare varieties similar to European types known as "Guchchi" and "Yarsha Gumba" are found in the hills and mountains under natural conditions. Among the cultivated varieties, agaricus bisporus, pleorotus spp and volvariella are important. The temperature and humidity conditions necessary for growing agaricus bisporus (button mushroom) are very satisfactory in the hilly regions during some seasons. The pleorotus spp. (Oyster mushroom) and volvariella (Paddy straw mushroom) grow easily during most seasons. The kathmandu valley has temperature, humidity and other biological factors suitable for the cultivation for the cultivation of these two varieties of mushrooms throughout the year.
The plant Pathology section of the Department of Agriculture's research station at (Kathmandu Valley) is producing mushroom spawn. This unit has well qualified staff to undertake research, spawn production and for extension work. The potential for mushroom production on a commercial scale is good especially with a view to marketing overseas as fresh mushroom, dried mushroom and canned mushroom. Coffee Processing Coffee beans are produced in western Development Region of the country. Though the international price has increased sharply. the coffee farmers in Nepal is getting not more than 50 cents a kg. Establishment of small-scale coffee processing plant would encourage the farmers to grow more coffee beans. This industry can substitute the import and also export high quality chemical free coffee. Mineral Exploration and Exploitation The mineral resources which could be Commercially exploited have been identified as limestone, magnesite, talc, dolomite, silica sands, clay, building and construction stone, iron ore and lead/zinc. Several major limestone deposits have been identified in Nepal and exploitation of some of these deposits for the manufacture fo cement and agricultural and industrial lime is already underway. Prospects for the further exploitation of these deposits for industry are considered to be very good especially for production of cement, agricultural and industrial lime and bleaching powder. Major limestone deposits are found in Okhara (10 million metric tonnes) Udaipur (51.4 million metric tonnes) and Surkhet (48.6 million metric tones). In addition to these major reserves sizable deposits are fond in Panaute, Dhankuta and other areas in udaipur. Dolomite is known to exist in a number of areas and one large deposit of magnesite. Talc deposits have been identified and one deposit is being exploited for the production of slabs. A commercial deposit of leads/zinc has been identified and initial steps taken to exploits. An iron ore deposit has been identified but but not yet exploited.
The Government has blocked out land in the Terai belt for oil exploration and one foreign company was engaged in oil exploration activities. Mineral exploration and exploitation in some of the areas identified above offer promising prospects for investments. Textile Industry The textile industry has been identified as a basic needs industry and high priority is attached to investments in this sub sector. Based upon a minimum percapital consumption of 11 meters (low estimate) by the year 2000, the total requirement of textiles is estimated at 254.8 m/n. metres. Installed production capacity at present is estimated at 18.3 m/n. metres but capacity utilization has been less than 50 percent. In order to achieve self-sufficiency in clothing it is proposed to encourage the order to several textile units, it is proposed to encourage the establishment of several textile units, several of which would be integrated textile mills involving spinning, weaving and finishing of textiles.
The production of cotton fabrics and synthetics and blends would be in high demand. In view of the high priority attached to this industry, investors are assured of very good conditions for profitable investment. Electrical and Electronic industries The electrical and electronics industry sub-sector in Nepal is still in an early stage of development. According to the 1994/95 census of manufacturing industries, there were 37 firms operating in formal sector activities of which 33 were engaged in electrical industries and 4 in electronic industries. Since the survey a few additional units have been established. The domestic demand for electrical goods is expected to increase with the expansion of the electric power generation system, telecommunications and radio and TV broadcasting. According to preliminary estimates significant demand is forecast for heaters, radio, TV and communication equipment and apparatus, electrical appliances ans house wares, batteries, wires, cables, plugs, switches, lighting fixtures and so on. Prospects for setting up industries to produce these items are therefore good. Nepal offers very good prospects for the development of electronic assembly industries catering to export markets.
The low cost of labor would give Nepal a competitive edge of other locations in South and south East Asia. The labor force has the ability to master quickly assembly operations which involve use of hand tools such as screw drivers, pliers and soldering irons. In addition to the advantage of low cost labor, Nepal provides a stable environment which is conducive to dovetail assembly schedules with the production of finished goods in overseas locations on a planned basis. Assembly schedules with the production of finished goods in overseas locations and export of assembled units would be feasible. The products should have a high value to weight ratio. Kathmandu, the capital has good air connections to Europe through Frankfurt, London and Moscow and to the Far East through Singapore, Bangkok and Hong Kong. Some of the electronic industries which could be established in Nepal are computer keyboard assembly, single and double side circuit boards, small ferrite core transformers for switching power, circuit board stuffing and test service, cable harness assembly, domestic mains multi-socket power strips and similar assembly industries requiring a high labor content.
Pharmaceutical Industries Nepal has a large and growing demand of drugs and Pharmaceuticals that are being met by domestic production about 20 percent of the requirements and the balance is met by importation. Royal Drugs Ltd. is a public sector undertaking as a pioneer in Pharmaceuticals industry. Prospective companies may benefit by setting-up of a manufacturing plant or marketing pharmaceuticals or initiating bulk drug production for the whole country. The market for pharmaceuticals is estimated to be more than Rs. 5,000 million. Much of the demand is supplied by India based national and multinational companies. The demand for Pharmaceutical is expected to increase significantly over the next decades due to improvement of modern health care facilities and establishment of a good transportation network within the country.
Import of Pharmaceutical products of the year 1997/98 is estimated to be Rs. 3.36 millions. good prospects exist for the establishment of a few industries producing formulated drugs. The best areas for immediate investment are in the production of the major high volume product lines of Essential Drugs out of National list of Essential Drugs, categorized by Ministry of Health Department of Drug Administration. Leather Goods Industries Leather sector in Nepal is considered as one of the most potential areas in terms of its value addition and export possibility. In Nepal leather sector consists of three main areas, leather processing, leather goods manufacturing and foot wear production. As of now leather sector comprises of third position with regard to overseas exports of Nepal. The availability of abundant raw materials in different parts of the country gives a greater scope for industrial production of leather and leather goods. At present industrial production is carried out by 16 industrial units, located mostly in Terai area. The bulk of the production and exports are in semi finished wet blue and crust.
During Fiscal Year 1997/98 hides an skins worth Rs. 414 million were exported to overseas countries only. The technologies that are well established in tanneries have not yet reached to Nepalese tanneries. The Government had opted for gradual swift over for accomplishing increased production of crust and/or finished leather. There exists ample opportunities for enhancing productivity of the existing tanneries as well as establishing new tanneries with modern technologies. With regard to leather goods producing industries in the country about one hundred leather based industries are in operation. Of which one fourth are producing leather goods and the rest are on footwear. However, most of the leather based industries are operating on micro scale using traditional skills and technologies. During Fiscal Year 1997/98 leather goods worth Rs. 31.24 million were exported to overseas countries. Taking into consideration the availability of raw materials within the country, there exist greater prospects for the development of leather based industries in Nepal.
However, there is a need to improve and diversity the leather goods to be produced in the leather goods to be produced as as well as dissemination information of potential export markets. Based on above stated background information, leather sector could be considered as one of the potential area with diverse possibilities for enhancing Nepal's industrial sector. This requires for introducing new technologies and information on export market opportunities. Air Services The Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation (RNAC) used to have a monopoly of all civil domestic air services within Nepal. Royal Nepal Airlines (domestic) operates domestic services by a fleet of 10 twin others and one HS 748. aircraft at present. There are 44 domestic airports some of which are all weather and some fair weather airports.
Flights, especially of the most popular tourist routes, are frequently full with load factors of 70-90 percent. The Government has embarked on open-sky policy permitting private airlines to operate domestic as well as some international air services. Many private airlines including Necon Air and Buddha Air have been catering services to the native passengers as well as foreign tourists. Private helicopter services are also confined up in joint venture. For new airlines the flight routes and their frequency will have to be negotiated and agreed upon with the Civil Aviation Authority. Computer Software Development The vast changes in computer technology and the mass production of very versatile microcomputers have made the use of computers very widespread. The particular needs of computer users are also becoming increasingly specialized creating a demand for customer designed software packages. The development of computer software has thus become a very promising and profitable business and current indications are that this trend will continue in the future. Due to costs involved in software development in many of the development countries, there is an increasing tendency among firms to purchase/develop their software needs in low cost locations in some developing countries, as against in the house software development of computer software packages to meet the special needs of individual clients.
The cost of developing software in Nepal would be a small fraction of developing them in a developed country. Already one joint venture company is successfully operating such a system in Nepal. Prospects for setting up a few more software development houses in Nepal are promising. computer software house could undertake custom programming, tailoring software packages to operating systems of new machines and generating specialized software for various professional and manufacturing services. In addition to software development, Nepal is also in a strong position to undertake data entry operations for foreign clients at very competitive prices. Personnel required for data entry operations are available at a relatively low cost. Facilities are also available to transmit information required for data entry operations with speed and at relatively low cost
1. Cultivation of vegetables, tomato, egg plant, broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, okra, sweetpepper, carrot, green chilly, cauliflower, snow peas, French beans.Markets in Middle East, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan.
2. Cultivation and processing of vegetables. Export markets
3. Cultivation of mushroom Export fresh dried & canned
4. Cultivation of flowers rose, carnation, orchid chrysanthemum Export to the Middle east, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan
5. Ornamental plants. Export markets
6. Cultivation of fruits grapes, apricots, peaches, mango, avocado, litchi, orange. Export in fresh form.
7. Cultivation and processing of fruits dried mango, dried apple, jam, jelly, squash Export markets
8. Production of flowering seeds Export markets in Europe, USA, Japan.
9. Production of vegetable seeds Export to South & south East Asian Markets
10. Cultivation and processing of herbs. Export domestic markets
11. Cultivation and processing of Soya. Export and domestic markets
12. Development of tea industry Domestic and export markets
13. Cultivation of sugarcane and processing sugar. Domestic markets
14. Cultivation and processing of fresh and dried ginger. Export market
15. Cultivation and processing of garlic. Export market 16. Integrated dairy development. Demotic market
17. Integrated livestock industry. Domestic market
18. Production of skimmed milk powder. Domestic market
19. Baby food and nutritious food. Domestic market
20. Animal feed. Domestic market
21. Aquaculture. Domestic market
22. Tomato processing. Export market
23. Oil seed processing and oil extraction. Domestic market
24. Coffee cultivation and processing. Export &Domestic Market
1. Integrated textile mill Domestic market
2. Textile processing Domestic market dyeing and finishing
3. Woolen knitwear Domestic and export markets
4. Manufacture of acrylic & Domestic market
5. Manufacture of acrylic & Domestic market and sari
6. Terry towels Expon market
7. Bed linen Export & domestic
8. Readymade garments Export market
9. Spinning mill Domestic market
10. Gray cloth Export & domestic markets.
11. Leather shoes Export & domestic markets
12. Canvas shoes Export & domestic markets.
13. Scriculture and silk Export market production
14. Hand knitted sweaters Export & domestic markets.
1. Light engineering industries domestic market
2. Electric arc furnace Domestic Market
3. Leather products Domestic & export markets
4. Pharmaceutical products Domestic market
5. Ceramics Domestic market
6. Writing, printing and news print papers Domestic market
7. Saline & dextrose Domestic market
8. Surgical cotton & bandaging industry Domestic market
9. Chemical fertilizers Domestic market
10. Pesticide, insecticides Domestic market
11. Industrial chemical Domestic market
12. Glass bottles, containers Domestic market
13. Domestic electrical appliances Domestic market
14. Electric power capacitors & condensers Domestic market
15. Manufacture of bicycles Domestic market
16. Manufacture of bicycles Domestic market
17. Bleaching powder Domestic market
18. Agricultural lime Domestic market
19. Manufacture of chalk Domestic market
20. Manufacture of year Demotic market
21. Production of malt Domestic and Export markets
22. Assembly of electronic components Export market
23. Manufacture of dry cell battery Domestic market
24. Manufacture of starch glucose and fructose syrup Domestic market
25. Cane furniture industry Export market
26. Spatiality paper Domestic market
27. Video cassette industry Domestic market
28. Cold rolling mill Domestic market
29. Aluminum rolling mill Domestic market
30. Toilet and laundry soap Domestic market
31. caustic soda Domestic market
32. Mineral water bottling plant Export market
33. Sugar industry Domestic market
34. Essential oils and resinoids Domestic & Export markets
35. Hand tools Domestic market
36. Professional and occupational tools and instrument Domestic market
37. Medical instruments and tools Domestic market
38. Industries manufacturing fuel conserving instruments Domestic market
39. Pollution preventing accessories industry domestic market
40. Organic fertilizer Domestic market
1. Builders hardware Domesticmarket
2. Stone industry-cutting & polishing Domestic market
3. Stone aggregates Export & domestic markets
4. Bricks (dry press) Domestic market
5. Plywood Domestic market
6. Cement-large plant Domestic market
7. cement-mini plants Domestic market
8. Floor and wall tiles Domestic & export markets
9. Parquet flooring Domestic & export markets
10. Housing and apartment building Domestic market
11. Varnishes, paints & allied products Domestic market
12. PVC pipes & allied products Domestic market
13. Aluminum extrusions Domestic market
14. PVC doors/windows Domestic market
15. State, granite and cement Domestic iriarket
1. Resort, hotels, motels
2. Cable car complexes
3. Rafting equipment
4. Hot air ballooning and para-sailing
5. Trekking, Travels
1. Air freight forwarding services
2. Sea freight forwarding services
3. Nursing homes
4. Carpet washing
5. Air services
6. Computer software development
7. Data entry services & Photo scanning and offset printing
1. Cement exploration & production.
2. Petroleum exploration & exploitation
3. Natural gas exploration & exploitation.
4. Construction materials (clay, sand, grave, bod marble, stone) exploration & exploitation.
5. Processing of Mica
6. Exploration & processing of quartz.
7. Production of iron, dolomite and talc.
8. Glass production.
1. Katlunandu Hetuda Tunnel link
2. Kadmiandu Dhulikhel Express Highway
3. Godavari Phulchoki cable car
4. Trolley Bus Kthmandu Ring Road
5. Kathmndu Dharke Road (alternative)
6. Exploration & processing of quartz.
7. Production of iron, dolomite and talc.
8. Glass production.
1. Solar energy
2. Wind energy
3. Hydroelectric plants
1. Katlunandu Hetauda Tunnel link
2. Kadmiandu Dhulikhel Express Highway
3. Godavari Phulchoki cable Car
4. Trolley Bus Kathmandu Ring Road
5. Kathmandu Dharke Road (alternative)